US Research : towards an open model based on collaboration
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New report by the Mission for Science and Technology
American industrial laboratories of the 20th century have long operated with an internal logic of knowledge creation. They hired the best scientists to develop knowledge that brought formidable innovations. The famous Bell laboratories, which developed the first transatlantic telecommunication, the transistor and the laser, number no less than nine Nobel Prize winners. Nevertheless, since the beginning of the 90s, the context has changed and this type of model is no longer appropriate. The organization of American research is now in full transition . The February, 2006 edition of the review "Etats-Unis Sciences Physiques" details the principles of the emergent model. This vision emerged from a growing need to make universities and companies work together on a more effective model geared toward intellectual property issues. This new organization tends to a broader dissemination of information and a greater impact of research on economic growth. Among the examples presented in this paper, the Berkeley Wireless Research Center, a pioneer in industry collaboration, illustrates the merits of this approach.
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